Bartini Beriev VVA-14
|digitare||Aerei anfibi ASW|
|Primo volo||4 settembre 1972|
Le Bartini Beriev VVA-14 Vertikaľno-Vzletayushchaya Amfibiya (aereo anfibio a decollo verticale) era un aereo ad effetto ala-in-terra sviluppato in Unione Sovietica durante i primi anni 1970. Progettato per essere in grado di decollare dall'acqua e volare ad alta velocità su lunghe distanze, doveva fare veri voli ad alta quota, ma anche avere la capacità di volare in modo efficiente appena sopra la superficie del mare, utilizzando l'effetto suolo aerodinamico. Il VVA-14 è stato progettato dal designer italiano Robert Bartini in risposta a un requisito percepito di distruggere i sottomarini missilistici Polaris della Marina degli Stati Uniti. L'ultimo aereo fu ritirato nel 1987.
|Bartini Beriev VVA-14 A spasso|
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The Bartini Beriev VVA-14 was a unique aircraft developed by the Soviet Union in the early 1970s. It was designed by Robert Bartini, a Hungarian-born engineer who worked for the Beriev Design Bureau. The VVA-14 was intended to be an amphibious aircraft that could take off and land on water, fly at high speed over long distances, and use aerodynamic ground effect to fly efficiently just above the sea surface. The main purpose of the VVA-14 was to counter the threat of US Navy Polaris missile submarines, which could launch nuclear missiles from underwater.
The VVA-14 had a futuristic appearance, with a large central wing section that housed two turbofan engines and four smaller wings that could be tilted vertically for take-off and landing. The aircraft also had inflatable pontoons on the wingtips that could be deployed for water operations. The VVA-14 was planned to have a sophisticated anti-submarine warfare system, including a computerized Burevestnik system, a Bor-1 magnetic anomaly detector, and various sensors and weapons.
The development of the VVA-14 was divided into three phases: the VVA-14M1 was a basic aerodynamics and technology testbed; the VVA-14M2 was an advanced version with additional engines for vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) capability; and the VVA-14M3 was the final operational version with full armament and equipment. However, only two prototypes were built and tested: one VVA-14M1 and one modified as VVA-14M1P. The project faced many technical difficulties, especially with the inflatable pontoons and the VTOL engines, which were never delivered by their supplier. After Bartini’s death in 1974, the project lost momentum and eventually ended in 1987.
The only surviving VVA-14 is now displayed at the Central Air Force Museum in Moscow, where it remains in a dismantled state. The VVA-14 was one of the most ambitious and innovative aircraft projects of its time, but it never achieved its full potential or entered service.
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