Bristol type 192 'Belvedere' HC1

Bristol Belvedere

역할화물 헬리콥터
첫 비행1958년 7월 5일

Tthe 브리스톨 타입 192 벨베데레 브리스톨 비행기 회사에서 제작 한 영국의 쌍발 엔진, 탠덤 로터 군용 헬리콥터입니다. Raoul Hafner가 병력 수송, 보급품 투하 및 사상자 대피를 포함한 다양한 수송 역할을 위해 설계했습니다. 1961년부터 1969년까지 영국 공군(RAF)에서 운영했습니다. 벨베데레는 생산에 들어간 영국 유일의 탠덤 로터 헬리콥터였으며 Piasecki 또는 Boeing이 제작하지 않은 몇 안되는 헬리콥터 중 하나였습니다.

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Westland Type 192 Belvedere HC 1 Walk Around
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The Bristol Belvedere was a remarkable helicopter that served in various roles for the British military. It was designed by Raoul Hafner, a pioneer of rotorcraft engineering, who had previously created the Bristol Sycamore. The Belvedere had two engines and two rotors mounted in tandem, which gave it more power and stability than conventional single-rotor helicopters. It could carry up to 18 troops or 12 stretchers, as well as cargo and weapons under its fuselage.
The Belvedere originated from a civilian project, the Bristol Type 173, which first flew in 1952. However, the Type 173 was cancelled and Bristol focused on developing naval versions of the helicopter for anti-submarine warfare. These were also cancelled, but the Royal Air Force showed interest in using the helicopter for transport and support missions. Thus, the Bristol Type 192 Belvedere was born.
The first prototype of the Belvedere flew on 5 July 1958 and entered service with the RAF in 1961. It was deployed in various locations around the world, including Aden , Borneo , Cyprus , Germany , Hong Kong , Malaya and Singapore . It performed tasks such as troop transport, supply dropping, casualty evacuation, air-sea rescue and fire fighting. It was also used for parachute training and special operations.
The Belvedere had some drawbacks that limited its performance and popularity. The front landing gear was too high to allow easy access to the cabin door. The engines were noisy and took up space inside the cabin. The rotors generated strong downwash that made loading and unloading difficult. The helicopter also suffered from reliability issues and high maintenance costs.
The Belvedere was retired from service in 1969 after only eight years of operation. It was replaced by more modern helicopters such as the Westland Wessex and Puma . Only one Belvedere survives today at The Helicopter Museum (UK) (en) in Weston-super-Mare .

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