M36 tank destroyer
Tthe M36 구축전차, formally 90 mm Gun Motor Carriage, M36, was an American tank destroyer used during World War II. The M36 combined the hull of the M10 tank destroyer, which used the M4 Sherman’s reliable chassis and drivetrain combined with sloped armor, and a new turret mounting the 90 mm gun M3. Conceived in 1943, the M36 first served in combat in Europe in October 1944, where it partially replaced the M10 tank destroyer. It also saw use in the Korean War, where it was able to defeat any of the Soviet tanks used in that conflict. Some were supplied to South Korea as part of the Military Assistance Program and served for years, as did re-engined examples found in Yugoslavia, which operated into the 1990s. Two remained in service with the Republic of China Army at least until 2001. The vehicle is also known under the unofficial nickname Jackson, but this designation appears to be a postwar appellation that was never used by the US Army.
소스: 위키피디아의 M36 구축전차
|Tank Destroyer M36 Jackson Walk Around|
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# M36 Tank Destroyer: The American Slugger
The M36 tank destroyer was one of the most powerful and effective anti-tank weapons deployed by the US Army during World War II. It was designed to counter the threat of heavily armored German tanks such as the Panther and Tiger, which could withstand the 75 mm gun of the M10 Wolverine, the previous standard tank destroyer.
The M36 was based on the chassis and hull of the M10A1, which itself was derived from the reliable M4 Sherman medium tank. The main difference was the new turret, which mounted a 90 mm gun M3, capable of penetrating up to 150 mm of armor at 500 meters. The turret was also cast rather than welded, providing better protection for the crew.
The development of the M36 started in 1943, when it became clear that a more powerful gun was needed to deal with German armor. The first prototype, designated T71 Gun Motor Carriage, was completed in March 1943 and passed all tests successfully. However, due to production delays and priority given to other vehicles, the first batch of 500 M36s was only delivered in September 1944.
The M36 soon proved its worth on the battlefield, as it could engage and destroy any German tank at long range. It earned the nickname “Slugger” for its hard-hitting gun, as well as “Jackson” after Confederate general Stonewall Jackson. The M36 also had good mobility and reliability thanks to its Sherman-based chassis.
The M36 served in Europe until the end of the war, where it partially replaced the M10 in tank destroyer battalions. It also saw action in Korea, where it faced Soviet-made tanks such as T-34-85s and IS-2s. Some were supplied to South Korea and other countries under military assistance programs and remained in service for decades.
The M36 tank destroyer was arguably one of the best American tank hunters of World War II, combining a powerful gun with a proven chassis. It gave US troops a much-needed edge against German armor and contributed to Allied victory.
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