Destruidor de Tanques M36

M36 tank destroyer

PapelDestruidor de tanques

O Destruidor de tanques M36, formally 90 mm Gun Motor Carriage, M36, was an American tank destroyer used during World War II. The M36 combined the hull of the M10 tank destroyer, which used the M4 Sherman’s reliable chassis and drivetrain combined with sloped armor, and a new turret mounting the 90 mm gun M3. Conceived in 1943, the M36 first served in combat in Europe in October 1944, where it partially replaced the M10 tank destroyer. It also saw use in the Korean War, where it was able to defeat any of the Soviet tanks used in that conflict. Some were supplied to South Korea as part of the Military Assistance Program and served for years, as did re-engined examples found in Yugoslavia, which operated into the 1990s. Two remained in service with the Republic of China Army at least until 2001. The vehicle is also known under the unofficial nickname Jackson, but this designation appears to be a postwar appellation that was never used by the US Army.

Fonte: Destruidor de tanques M36 na Wikipédia

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# M36 Tank Destroyer: The American Slugger

The M36 tank destroyer was one of the most powerful and effective anti-tank weapons deployed by the US Army during World War II. It was designed to counter the threat of heavily armored German tanks such as the Panther and Tiger, which could withstand the 75 mm gun of the M10 Wolverine, the previous standard tank destroyer.
The M36 was based on the chassis and hull of the M10A1, which itself was derived from the reliable M4 Sherman medium tank. The main difference was the new turret, which mounted a 90 mm gun M3, capable of penetrating up to 150 mm of armor at 500 meters. The turret was also cast rather than welded, providing better protection for the crew.
The development of the M36 started in 1943, when it became clear that a more powerful gun was needed to deal with German armor. The first prototype, designated T71 Gun Motor Carriage, was completed in March 1943 and passed all tests successfully. However, due to production delays and priority given to other vehicles, the first batch of 500 M36s was only delivered in September 1944.
The M36 soon proved its worth on the battlefield, as it could engage and destroy any German tank at long range. It earned the nickname “Slugger” for its hard-hitting gun, as well as “Jackson” after Confederate general Stonewall Jackson. The M36 also had good mobility and reliability thanks to its Sherman-based chassis.
O M36 serviu na Europa até o final da guerra, onde substituiu parcialmente o M10 em batalhões de destroieres de tanques. Ele também viu ação na Coreia, onde enfrentou tanques de fabricação soviética, como T-34-85s e IS-2s. Alguns foram fornecidos à Coreia do Sul e a outros países sob programas de assistência militar e permaneceram em serviço por décadas.
O destroier de tanques M36 foi indiscutivelmente um dos melhores caçadores de tanques americanos da Segunda Guerra Mundial, combinando uma arma poderosa com um chassi comprovado. Deu às tropas dos EUA uma vantagem muito necessária contra a blindagem alemã e contribuiu para a vitória dos Aliados.

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