Junkers Ju 88D-1-Trop

Junkers Ju 88

КраїнаНацистська Німеччина
РольTactical – dive – torpedo bomber – Night – heavy fighter – Reconnaissance aircraft
Перший політ21 December 1936
Побудований15183

В Junkers Ju 88 was a German World War II Luftwaffe twin-engined multirole combat aircraft. Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke (JFM) designed the plane in the mid-1930s as a so-called Schnellbomber (fast bomber) that would be too fast for fighters of its era to intercept. It suffered from a number of technical problems during its development and early operational periods but became one of the most versatile combat aircraft of the war. Like a number of other Luftwaffe bombers, it served as a bomber, dive bomber, night fighter, torpedo bomber, reconnaissance aircraft, heavy fighter and at the end of the war, as a flying bomb.

Джерело: Junkers Ju 88 on Wikipedia

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T-62

T-62

КраїнаСРСР
РольОсновний Бойовий Танк
В сервіс1961–present
Побудований20000+

В T-62 is a Soviet main battle tank that was first introduced 1961. As a further development of the T-55 series, the T-62 retained many similar design elements of its predecessor including low profile and thick turret armor. In contrast with previous tanks, which were armed with rifled tank guns, the T-62 was the first tank armed with a smoothbore tank gun that could fire APFSDS rounds at higher velocities. While the T-62 became the standard tank in the Soviet arsenal, it did not fully replace the T-55 in export markets due to its higher manufacturing costs and maintenance requirements compared to its predecessor. Although the T-62 was replaced in Russia and the successor states of the Soviet Union, it is still used in some countries and its design features became standardized in subsequent Soviet and Russian mass-produced tanks.

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USS North Carolina BB-55

USS North Carolina (BB-55)

КраїнаСША
КласNorth Carolina-class battleship
Запущений13 June 1940
Списано27 June 1947

USS North Carolina (BB-55) is the lead ship of the North Carolina-class battleships and the fourth warship in the U.S. Navy to be named for the State of North Carolina. It was the first newly constructed American battleship to enter service during World War II, and took part in every major naval offensive in the Pacific Theater of Operations; Its 15 battle stars made her the most decorated American battleship of World War II.

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Vickers Viscount V.818

Vickers Viscount

КраїнаВеликобританія
РольТурбогвинтовий авіалайнер
Перший політ16 July 1948
Побудований445

В Vickers Viscount was a British medium-range turboprop airliner first flown in 1948 by Vickers-Armstrongs. A design requirement from the Brabazon Committee, it entered service in 1953 and was the first turboprop-powered airliner. The Viscount was well received by the public for its cabin conditions, which included pressurisation, reductions in vibration and noise, and panoramic windows. It became one of the most successful and profitable of the first post-war transport aircraf, 445 Viscounts were built for a range of international customers, including in North America.

Джерело: Vickers Viscount on Wikipedia

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LARC V

LARC-V

КраїнаСША
РольAmphibious cargo vehicle
Вироблено1950-х років
ПобудованийНевідома

LARC-V (Lighter, Amphibious Resupply, Cargo, 5 ton), is an aluminium-hulled amphibious cargo vehicle capable of transporting 5 tons. It was developed in the United States during the 1950s, and is used in a variety of auxiliary roles to this day. In addition to the United States, Larc-Vs have been used by military forces in Australia, Argentina, Portugal, Philippines, Singapore and Iceland. Approximately 968 were made. About 500 were destroyed, most by scuttling during the American withdrawal from South Vietnam. About 200 have been retained in U.S. military service. Roughly 100 are privately owned and mostly used for tourism. These include tourist trips on the Jökulsárlón ice lake in Iceland and city and harbour tours in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

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Avro Canada VZ-9AV Avrocar

Avro Canada VZ-9 Avrocar

КраїнаСША
РольExperimental VTOL vehicle
Перший політ12 November 1959
Побудований2

The Avro Canada VZ-9 Avrocar was a VTOL aircraft developed by Avro Canada as part of a secret U.S. military project carried out in the early years of the Cold War. The Avrocar intended to exploit the Coandă effect to provide lift and thrust from a single “turborotor” blowing exhaust out the rim of the disk-shaped aircraft. In the air, it would have resembled a flying saucer. Originally designed as a fighter-like aircraft capable of very high speeds and altitudes, the project was repeatedly scaled back over time and the U.S. Air Force eventually abandoned it. Development was then taken up by the U.S. Army for a tactical combat aircraft requirement, a sort of high-performance helicopter. In flight testing, the Avrocar proved to have unresolved thrust and stability problems that limited it to a degraded, low-performance flight envelope; subsequently, the project was cancelled in September 1961.

Джерело: Avro Canada VZ-9 Avrocar on Wikipedia

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Bell UH-13H Sioux

Bell H-13 Sioux

КраїнаСША
РольLight observation helicopter
Перший політ8 December 1945
Побудований2400+

В Bell H-13 Sioux was a single-engine single-rotor light helicopter built by Bell Helicopter. Westland Aircraft manufactured the Sioux under license for the British military as the Sioux AH.1 and HT.2.

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Doak 16 VZ-4DA

Doak VZ-4

КраїнаСША
РольVTOL research convertiplane
Перший політ25 February 1958
Побудований1

В Doak VZ-4 (or Doak Model 16) was an American prototype Vertical Takeoff and Landing (VTOL) aircraft built in the 1950s for service in the United States Army. Only a single prototype was built, and the U.S. Army withdrew it from active trials in 1963.

Джерело: Doak VZ-4 on Wikipedia

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Scaled Composites Model 348

Scaled Composites Model 348

КраїнаСША
РольFlying Spaceplane Carrier
Перший політDecember 21, 2008
Побудований1

В Scaled Composites Model 348 White Knight Two (WK2) is a quadjet cargo aircraft that is used to lift the SpaceShipTwo spacecraft to release altitude. It was developed by Scaled Composites from 2007 to 2010 as the first stage of Tier 1b, a two-stage to suborbital-space manned launch system. WK2 is based on the successful mothership to SpaceShipOne, White Knight, which itself is based on Proteus. With an “open architecture” design and explicit plans for multi-purpose use, the aircraft could also operate as a zero-g aircraft for passenger training or microgravity science flights, handle missions in high-altitude testing more generally, or be used to launch payloads other than SpaceShipTwo. A study of use of the aircraft as a forest fire water bomber has also been mentioned, one that would utilize a large carbon composite water tank that could be quickly replenished to make repeat runs over fires.

Джерело: Scaled Composites Model 348 on Wikipedia

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Northrop X-4 Bantam

Northrop X-4 Bantam

КраїнаСША
РольTailless aircraft prototype
Перший політ15 December 1948
Побудований2

В Northrop X-4 Bantam was a prototype small twinjet aircraft manufactured by Northrop Corporation in 1948. It had no horizontal tail surfaces, depending instead on combined elevator and aileron control surfaces (called elevons) for control in pitch and roll attitudes, almost exactly in the manner of the similar-format, rocket-powered Messerschmitt Me 163 of Nazi Germany’s Luftwaffe. Some aerodynamicists had proposed that eliminating the horizontal tail would also do away with stability problems at fast speeds (called shock stall) resulting from the interaction of supersonic shock waves from the wings and the horizontal stabilizers. The idea had merit, but the flight control systems of that time prevented the X-4 from any success.

Джерело: Northrop X-4 Bantam on Wikipedia

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