Siebel Si 204
|25 May 1940
The Siebel Si 204 was a small twin-engined transport and trainer aircraft developed in World War II. It was based on the Fh 104 Hallore. Originally designed in response to an Ministry of Aviation development order for a small civil transport aircraft in 1938, it was eventually produced for the Luftwaffe.
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The Siebel Si 204 was a small twin-engined transport and trainer aircraft developed during World War II. It was based on the Fh 104 Hallore, a previous design by Siebel that was intended for civil use by Deutsche Luft Hansa. The Si 204 was originally designed in response to a Ministry of Aviation development order for a small civil transport plane in 1938, but it was eventually produced for the Luftwaffe as a versatile aircraft that could perform various roles such as passenger transport, cargo transport, ambulance, liaison and blind flying training.
The Si 204 had a metal structure and a retractable landing gear. It had two Argus As 411 engines that gave it a maximum speed of 364 km/h and a range of 1,400 km. It could carry eight passengers or 1,650 kg of cargo in its cabin, which had a full “stepless” glass cockpit with no separate flat windscreen for the pilot. Some variants had a glazed nose for better visibility or a dorsal turret with two machine guns for gunnery training.
The production of the Si 204 was entrusted to foreign companies due to the high demand for combat aircraft in Germany. The main manufacturers were SNCAN (Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Nord) in France and Aero and ČKD (Českomoravská Kolben-Daněk) in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. A total of 1,216 Si 204s were built until January 1945.
After the war, some Si 204s were captured by the Allies and used by various air forces and airlines. SNCAN continued to produce an improved version of the Si 204 called NC-701 Martinet with Renault engines and three-blade propellers until 1950. Aero also produced an upgraded version called C-103 with minor modifications.
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