Saab 39 Gripen

Saab JAS 39 Gripen

VaidmenįNaikintuvai, atakos ir žvalgybiniai orlaiviai
Pirmasis skrydis198 m. gruodžio 9 d.

2007 Saab JAS 39 Gripen (angliškai: "griffin") yra lengvas vieno variklio daugiafunkcis naikintuvas, kurį gamina Švedijos aviacijos ir kosmoso bendrovė "Saab". Jis buvo sukurtas pakeisti "Saab 35 Draken" ir "37 Viggen" Švedijos oro pajėgose ("Flygvapnet"). "Gripen" turi delta sparno ir "canard" konfigūraciją su atsipalaidavusiu stabilumo dizainu ir "fly-by-wire" skrydžio valdikliais. Jis varomas "Volvo RM12", o didžiausias greitis yra 2 macho. Vėliau orlaiviai modifikuojami pagal NATO sąveikumo standartus ir pildomi degalus skrydžio metu.

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The Saab JAS 39 Gripen is a multirole fighter aircraft developed by the Swedish aerospace company Saab. The Gripen is designed to perform various air-to-air and air-to-ground missions, such as interception, strike, reconnaissance, and electronic warfare. The Gripen is also known for its high maneuverability, low operational costs, and compatibility with different types of weapons and sensors.
The Gripen was first flown in 1988 and entered service with the Swedish Air Force in 1996. Since then, it has been exported to several countries, including Brazil, Czech Republic, Hungary, South Africa, and Thailand. The Gripen is also a candidate for future fighter programs in Canada, Finland, India, and Switzerland. The Gripen has participated in several international operations and exercises, such as NATO’s Baltic Air Policing, Operation Unified Protector in Libya, and Red Flag in the United States.
The Gripen is powered by a single Volvo Aero RM12 turbofan engine, which is a derivative of the General Electric F404 engine. The engine provides a maximum thrust of 80 kN (18,000 lbf) with afterburner and enables the Gripen to reach a top speed of Mach 2 (2,120 km/h or 1,320 mph) at high altitude. The Gripen has a delta wing and canard configuration, which gives it excellent aerodynamic performance and stability. The Gripen also features a digital fly-by-wire system, a glass cockpit with three multifunction displays, and a hands-on-throttle-and-stick (HOTAS) control system.
The Gripen can carry up to 5.3 tonnes (11,700 lb) of weapons and external fuel tanks on eight hardpoints under the wings and fuselage. The Gripen can employ a variety of weapons, such as air-to-air missiles (AIM-9 Sidewinder, AIM-120 AMRAAM, IRIS-T, Meteor), air-to-ground missiles (AGM-65 Maverick, Brimstone, KEPD 350 Taurus), anti-ship missiles (RBS-15), bombs (GBU-10/12/16 Paveway II/III/IV laser-guided bombs, GBU-39 Small Diameter Bomb), rockets (CRV7), and a 27 mm Mauser BK-27 cannon. The Gripen can also carry different types of sensors and pods, such as radar warning receiver (RWR), electronic countermeasures (ECM), infrared search and track (IRST), laser designator pod (LDP), reconnaissance pod (RecceLite), and jamming pod (BriteCloud).

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