Scammell Pioneer var en britisk 6×4 trækker, der blev brugt i Anden Verdenskrig som artilleritraktor, bjærgningskøretøj og tanktransportør.
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The Scammell Pioneer was a versatile and powerful tractor unit that served in various roles during World War II. It was designed as a 6×4 off-road vehicle for use in Britain’s colonies where sealed roads were scarce. The Pioneer had a low-revving diesel engine that gave it impressive pulling power on rough terrain at low speeds. It also had a Scammell winch and a walking beam suspension that allowed it to overcome obstacles. The Pioneer was used as an artillery tractor, a recovery vehicle and a tank transporter by the British Army and other Allied forces. As an artillery tractor, it could tow medium and heavy guns, such as the 60-pounder, the 6-inch howitzer, the 8-inch howitzer and the 155 mm Long Tom. It had a long cab that could accommodate the gun crew and their equipment. As a recovery vehicle, it had a folding crane boom that could lift up to 3 tons and a removable counterweight that balanced the load when towing. It also had tracks that could be fitted to the rear wheels to improve traction. As a tank transporter, it had a semi-trailer that could carry up to 20 tons of weight. It was used to transport tanks such as the Matilda, the Valentine and the Crusader. The Scammell Pioneer was a reliable and robust vehicle that proved its worth in many theatres of war. It was produced from 1927 to 1945, with a total of 3,414 units built. Some of them continued to serve in civilian roles after the war, such as heavy haulage and logging.
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