Curtiss JN-4D Jenny

Curtiss JN-4D Jenny

KrajinySpojené štáty americké
ÚlohuŠkoliteľský lietadlo

Komisia Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny" was one of a series of “JN” biplanes built by the Curtiss Aeroplane Company of Hammondsport, New York, later the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company. Although the Curtiss JN series was originally produced as a training aircraft for the U.S. Army, the “Jenny” (the common nickname derived from “JN-4”, with an open-topped four appearing as a Y) continued after World War I as a civil aircraft, as it became the “backbone of American postwar aviation.” Thousands of surplus Jennys were sold at bargain prices to private owners in the years after the war and became central to the barnstorming era that helped awaken America to civil aviation through much of the 1920s.

Zdrojový: Curtiss JN-4D Jenny na Wikipédii

Curtiss JN-4D Jenny Walk Around
FotografVladimír Jakubov
Lokalizácialežiaca zbierka kultúrneho dedičstva, Everett
Počkajte, hľadám pre vás Curtiss JN-4D Jenny ...
Curtiss JN-4D Jenny Walk Around
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Curtiss Jenny Lindberg klasická replika série
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The Curtiss JN-4D Jenny was a single-engine, two-seat biplane that was widely used as a trainer aircraft by the US Army and the Royal Flying Corps during World War I. It was designed by Benjamin D. Thomas, a former Sopwith engineer, and produced by the Curtiss Aeroplane Company from 1915 to 1919. The Jenny had a wooden frame covered with fabric and was powered by a 90-horsepower Curtiss OX-5 engine. It had a wingspan of 13.3 meters (43 feet 7 inches), a length of 8.3 meters (27 feet 4 inches), and a height of 3 meters (9 feet 11 inches). It had a maximum speed of 120 kilometers per hour (75 miles per hour) and a service ceiling of 3,200 meters (10,500 feet).
The Jenny was named after its model designation JN, which was misread as JNY by some pilots. It became the most popular and recognizable aircraft of its time, with an estimated 95% of all US and Canadian pilots having flown a Jenny during their training. The Jenny was also used for other purposes, such as aerial observation, photography, bombing, and gunnery practice. Some Jennys were modified with floats or skis for water or snow landing. After the war, thousands of surplus Jennys were sold to civilians for low prices, sparking the era of barnstorming and stunt flying in the 1920s. The Jenny was also featured on US postage stamps and coins, and became a symbol of American aviation history.

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