브루스터 F2A 버팔로
|첫 비행||1937년 12월 2일|
Tthe 브루스터 F2A 버팔로 차 세계 대전 초기에 서비스를 본 미국 전투기였다. 브루스터 항공 공사가 설계하고 제작한 이 항공사는 미국 최초의 단일 항공기 중 하나로, 체포후크와 항공모함에 대한 기타 개조를 했습니다. 버팔로는 1939년 그루먼 F4F 와일드캣과의 경기에서 승리하여 미 해군 최초의 단일비행기 전투기가 되었습니다. 그루먼 F3F 복엽비행기와 초기 F4F보다 우수하지만, 버팔로는 미국이 전쟁에 들어갔을 때 크게 쓸모가 없었고, 특히 일본 미쓰비시 A6M 제로와 비교했을 때 불안정하고 과체중이었습니다.
|브루스터 B339C 산책|
|사진 작가||마인더트 드 브리즈|
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The Brewster F2A Buffalo was an American fighter aircraft that saw service in the early years of World War II. It was one of the first monoplane fighters to enter service with the US Navy, and was also used by several other countries, including Finland, Britain, and the Netherlands. The Buffalo was designed by Brewster Aeronautical Corporation, a company that had no previous experience in building fighter planes. The Buffalo had a low-wing cantilever monoplane configuration, with a retractable landing gear and an enclosed cockpit. It was powered by a single Wright R-1820 radial engine that drove a three-bladed propeller. The Buffalo had a maximum speed of about 300 mph (480 km/h) and a range of about 1,000 miles (1,600 km). The Buffalo was armed with four 0.50 in (12.7 mm) machine guns, two in the nose and two in the wings.
The Buffalo was initially intended to be a naval fighter, but it soon became apparent that it was outclassed by the Japanese Zero and other enemy aircraft. The Buffalo suffered heavy losses in the Pacific theater, where it earned the nickname “flying coffin” from its pilots. The Buffalo was also used by the British Commonwealth forces in the Mediterranean and Southeast Asia, where it fared slightly better against less advanced opponents. The most successful user of the Buffalo was Finland, which used it against the Soviet Union in the Winter War and the Continuation War. The Finnish pilots nicknamed the Buffalo “Taivaan helmi” (Sky Pearl) and achieved an impressive kill ratio of 26:1 with it. The Buffalo was eventually replaced by more modern fighters such as the Grumman F4F Wildcat and the Curtiss P-40 Warhawk. The Buffalo is considered to be one of the worst fighters of World War II, but also one of the most historically significant ones.
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