德哈维兰DH.88彗星

de Havilland DH.88 Comet

国家英国
作用赛车飞机
首次飞行1934
制造商431+

德哈维兰DH.88彗星 was a two-seat, twin-engined aircraft developed specifically to participate in the 1934 England-Australia MacRobertson Air Race from the United Kingdom to Australia. Development of the DH.88 had been initiated at the behest of British aviation pioneer Geoffrey de Havilland, along with the support of de Havilland’s board, being keen to garner prestige from producing the victorious aircraft as well as to gain from the research involved in producing it. The DH.88 was designed by Arthur Ernest Hagg around the specific requirements of the race; Hagg produced a relatively innovative design for the era in the form of a stressed-skin cantilever monoplane, complete with an enclosed cockpit, retractable undercarriage, landing flaps, and variable-pitch propellers.

源: 德哈维兰DH.88彗星在维基百科

德哈维兰 DH.88 彗星四处走动
摄影师塞斯·亨德里克斯
本地化未知
照片19
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空气修复 - 01013B
德哈维兰 DH.88 彗星
空气修复
01013B
1:72
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SBS 型号 - SBS7004
德哈维兰 DH.88 彗星 "黑色一号"
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1:72
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de Haviland DH.88 Comet
摄影师弗拉基米尔·亚库博夫
本地化莫菲特航空展和太平洋海岸梦想机器
照片86
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德哈维兰DH.88彗星 was a remarkable aircraft that achieved fame and glory in the 1934 MacRobertson Air Race from England to Australia. It was designed and built by the de Havilland Aircraft Company in a very short time, using innovative techniques and materials. The Comet was a sleek, twin-engined monoplane with a wooden structure, retractable landing gear, variable-pitch propellers and a streamlined cockpit. It was powered by two modified Gipsy Six engines that gave it a top speed of over 320 km/h. The Comet could fly up to 4,000 feet on one engine and had a range of 4,100 km.
私人所有者为比赛订购了三颗彗星,每颗彗星都涂有不同的颜色:G-ACSS Grosvenor House(红色),G-ACSP黑魔法(黑色)和G-ACSR Reine Astrid(绿色)。他们面临着来自其他17架飞机的激烈竞争,包括一架道格拉斯DC-2客机和两架Fairey Fox轰炸机。比赛于 1934 年 10 月 20 日在萨福克郡的米尔登霍尔开始,并于 10 月 23 日在墨尔本的弗莱明顿赛马场结束。彗星的表现非常出色,一路上创造了多项记录。由C.W.A. Scott和Tom Campbell Black驾驶的Grosvenor House在71小时内赢得了比赛,击败了DC-2一天多。由吉姆和艾米莫利森驾驶的黑魔法排名第二,直到由于发动机故障不得不在阿拉哈巴德退役。由Owen Cathcart-Jones和Ken Waller驾驶的Reine Astrid在绕道提供比赛的电影片段后获得第四名。
Comets continued to make history after the race, as they were used for various purposes such as mail delivery, record attempts and military evaluation. Grosvenor House was sold to the Portuguese government and renamed Salazar. It crashed in 1937 while attempting a record flight from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. Black Magic was recovered and sold to the French government, where it was used for testing new equipment. It was destroyed by German bombs in 1940. Reine Astrid was bought by de Havilland and renamed The Orphan. It was used for research and development until it was scrapped in 1947. Two more Comets were built after the race: G-ADEF Boomerang and G-AEYE Comet. They were also used for various flights and experiments until they were retired.
德哈维兰DH.88彗星是一架非凡的飞机,展示了高速航空旅行的潜力,并启发了德哈维兰蚊式和德哈维兰彗星喷气式客机等未来设计。它也抓住了公众的想象力,成为英国航空卓越的象征。

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