록히드 P-2 해왕성(Lockheed P-2 Neptune, 1962년 9월 이전에 미 해군이 P2V로 지정)은 해상 순찰 및 대잠수함전(ASW) 항공기였다. 록히드 PV-1 벤츄라와 PV-2 하푼을 대체하기 위해 록히드가 미 해군을 위해 개발되었으며, 록히드 P-3 오리온으로 대체되었다. 육상 항공기로 설계된 해왕성은 결코 캐리어 착륙을하지 않았지만 소수의 항공기가 육상 기지에서 도랑이나 회수해야하는 캐리어 발사, 스톱 갭 핵 폭격기로 개조되어 배치되었습니다. 이 유형은 수출에 성공했으며 여러 군대와 함께 서비스를 보았습니다.
The Lockheed P-2 Neptune was a versatile and long-lived aircraft that served in various roles and countries for over four decades. It was designed by Lockheed as a land-based maritime patrol and anti-submarine warfare aircraft for the US Navy, replacing the older PV-1 Ventura and PV-2 Harpoon models. The P-2 Neptune first flew in 1945 and entered service in 1947, with a total of 1,177 units built until 1956. The P-2 Neptune had a distinctive feature of having both piston and jet engines, which gave it extra power and speed when needed. The P-2 Neptune was used in several conflicts, such as the Korean War, the Vietnam War, the Beagle conflict and the Falklands War, performing reconnaissance, surveillance, bombing, gunship and electronic warfare missions. The P-2 Neptune was also exported to several allies of the US, such as Japan, Australia, Canada, France, Netherlands and Argentina. The P-2 Neptune was eventually replaced by the more advanced Lockheed P-3 Orion in the 1960s and 1970s, but some of them remained in service until the 1980s or even later as firebombers or research aircraft.