Fotogaléria 122mm M-30, The 122 mm howitzer M1938 (M-30) was a Soviet 121.92 mm (4.8 inch) howitzer. The weapon was developed by the design bureau of Motovilikha Plants, headed by F. F. Petrov, in the late 1930s, and was in production from 1939 to 1955. The M-30 saw action in World War II, mainly as a divisional artillery piece of the Red Army (RKKA). Captured guns were also employed later in the conflict by the German Wehrmacht and the Finnish Army. Post World War II the M-30 saw combat in numerous conflicts of the mid- to late twentieth century in service of other countries’ armies, notably in the Middle East.
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|122mm M-30 Howitzer Mod.1938 Walk Around
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The 122mm M-30 was a Soviet towed howitzer that entered service in 1939 and saw extensive action in World War II and beyond. It was designed by F. F. Petrov and manufactured by Motovilikha Plants and other factories. The M-30 had a caliber of 121.92 mm and a barrel length of 38 calibers. It fired separate-loading ammunition with various types of shells, including high-explosive, armor-piercing, smoke, and illumination. The M-30 had a maximum range of 11.8 km with standard shells and 21.9 km with rocket-assisted projectiles.
The M-30 had a semi-automatic vertical sliding-wedge breech and a hydropneumatic recoil system. It was mounted on a split-trail carriage with two wooden-spoked wheels and a gun shield. The M-30 had a crew of eight and could be towed by horses or trucks. The M-30 was a versatile and reliable weapon that could be used for direct or indirect fire. It was widely exported and used by many countries, including China, Egypt, Syria, Serbia, and Yemen. The M-30 was also the basis for several self-propelled variants, such as the 2S1 Gvozdika and the Syrian T-34/122.
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