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Συλλογή φωτογραφιών ενός 2S1 Γκβόζδικα, The 2S1 Gvozdika (Russian: 2С1 «Гвоздика», “Carnation”) is a Soviet self-propelled howitzer based on the chassis MT-LB APC, mounting the 122 mm 2A18 howitzer. “2S1” is its GRAU designation. An alternative Russian designation is SAU-122 but in the Russian Army it is commonly known as Gvozdika. The 2S1 is fully amphibious with very little preparation, and once afloat is propelled by its tracks. A variety of wider tracks are also available to allow the 2S1 to operate in snow or swamp conditions. It is NBC protected and has infra-red night-vision capability.
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The 2S1 Gvozdika is a self-propelled howitzer developed by the Soviet Union in the early 1970s. It is based on the MT-LB multi-purpose tracked vehicle and has a 122 mm 2A18 gun that can fire various types of ammunition, including high-explosive, smoke, illumination, and chemical rounds. The 2S1 Gvozdika has a crew of four and can carry up to 40 rounds of ammunition. It has a maximum range of 15.3 km and a rate of fire of 5 rounds per minute. The 2S1 Gvozdika can also be used as a direct fire support weapon, with a secondary machine gun mounted on the roof. The 2S1 Gvozdika is amphibious and can cross water obstacles with minimal preparation.
It has a diesel engine that provides a top speed of 60 km/h and a cruising range of 500 km. The 2S1 Gvozdika was widely used by the Soviet Army and its allies in various conflicts, such as the Afghan War, the Iran-Iraq War, the Gulf War, and the Yugoslav Wars. It is still in service with many countries around the world, such as Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Libya, Algeria, Ethiopia, Angola, Sudan, and Vietnam.
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